GCSE Keywords


Depression – an economic condition characterized by substantial and lengthy unemployment, low output and investment, etc; slump.
Dolchstoss – the ‘stab in the back’ theory which was prevalent after the First World War. This was the belief that Germany was not losing the war and that traitors signed the Armistice.
Economy – the management of the resources of a community, country, etc., especially with a view to its productivity.
Jarrow Crusade – The Jarrow March (or Jarrow Crusade, from the phrase on banners carried by the marchers), was an October 1936 protest march against unemployment and extreme poverty suffered in North East England.
Wall Street Crash – The Wall Street Crash of 1929 (October 1929), also known as the Great Crash, and the Stock Market Crash of 1929, was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States. It signaled the beginning of a 12 year depression.


Freikorps – They were ex-soldiers who made up private armies after the Great War. Generally, they were set up by former senior German army officers.

Gestapo – The secret state police. It was set up in 1933 under the command of Richard Diel. Goering took over and then, under pressure from Hitler, it was put under the command of the SS, and Himmler.

Gleischaltung – This can mean “coordination”, “making the same” and “bringing into line” It is a Nazi term for the process by which the Nazi regime successively established a system of totalitarian control and tight coordination over all aspects of society.

KPD – The German Communist Party. This was formerly the Spartacist League.

Kinder, Küche, Kirche –  is a slogan translated as “children, kitchen, church. This was the central theme of the Nazi policy towards women. It tried to encourage women to work at home.

NSDAP – National Socialist German Worker’s Party.

Reichstag – German parliament.

Republic – a state whereby there is an elected body which exercises power. In modern times, a republic is when there is an absence of a monarch.

Social Democratic Party, (SPD) – This was the largest political party before the Great War and was part of 3 coalition governments between 1918 and 1930. The leader in 1918, Friedrich Ebert, became the Weimar Republic’s first president. He died in 1925 and was succeeded by Paul von Hindenburg.

Swastika – the Nazi symbol, or hooked cross.


  1. Ena says:

    Do you have any Russian key words?

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